According to Jewish tradition, Adam and Eve lived in Eden without self-consciousness. After eating from the Tree of Knowledge, they were suddenly made aware of their nakedness and their sexuality and began to cover themselves up with fig leaves.
Circa 1550 BC
Ancient contraception used in Ancient Egypt was an effective method. Papyrus writings have been discovered, which prove that over 3,500 years ago, women were taught to prepare a concoction of dates, honey and the bark of the acacia tree, forming a thick paste which was placed in the vagina before sex.
Acacia bark turns into lactic acid when it ferments, and lactic acid is now known to be effective as a spermicide.
Circa 200 BC – 200 AD
The Secrets of the Jade Chamber, probably written during the Han dynasty (206 B.C. to 219 A.D.), is the classic Chinese Taoist book of sexual advice. It was believed to have been prepared for the legendary Emperor Huang Ti by his four advisers, three females and one male.
The Taoists proposed that good health and long life are related to sexual practices. Some basic principles are the conservation of the male emission, the complete satisfaction of women, and the harmony of Yin (female essence) and Yang (male essence). According to Tao, this also offers a solution to birth control needs.
The Virgin Birth of Jesus of Nazareth occurred sometime between 8 BC and 6 AD and has been one of the central doctrines of Christianity and a belief in Islam. This website has very little to offer in the way of an explanation.
Circa 200 AD
The Greek physician Galen coined the name Gonorrhea from the words “seed” and “flowing”, which referred to the discharge that is associated with this ancient sexually transmitted disease. Over time it also gained the name “the clap” which comes from the Old French clapoir, meaning bubo (an infection usually in the groin), or from Old clapier, meaning brothel.
Circa 400 AD
The Kama Sutra, which means the “Arts of Love” was written by an Indian sage called Vatsyayana sometime around the Gupta period (320-540 A.D.), which has also been called the Classical Age of India. This classical Indian book instructs on love, romance, dating and sex according to Ancient Indian custom. Nothing is known about the author, although it is believed that he wrote the book towards the end of his life and considered it a religious duty.
The Kama Sutra became accessible to the West much more recently. Sir Richard F. Burton translated it in 1883. The pictures that have become associated with the Kama Sutra are a Western addition, and not part of the original work.
The Khajuraho temples, famous for their erotic carvings, were built in central India. 85 temples built during the Chandela Empire, featured erotic art and tantric sexual poses. The temples were built for religious worship and the sexual art appears on the outside walls. Some historians believe that the Tantric tradition in which the temples were built, professed that worshippers need to satisfy their earthly needs, like sex, in order to reach Nirvana.