Permanent contraception, or sterilization, can be performed on men as well as women. For men, vasectomy is a safe and well-practiced procedure, and of course can be done at any time. It is reversible.
For women there are veteran surgical methods of sterilization and a new method called Essure which is safer and easier. All methods are irreversible, and research shows that making the choice of such a method immediately after birth is more often regretted than other methods.
Female sterilization tends to have a higher failure rate when performed around the time of birth. All in all, this is not recommended as a method of contraception during the period shortly following the birth, unless the decision is made long before the birth and it is well considered.
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