An IUD (Inter-Uterine Device) or IUS (Inter-Uterine System) can be fitted anytime from four weeks after a vaginal or Caesarean birth. Both methods – IUD (without hormones) or IUS (with hormones) – can be fitted within 48 hours of the birth if fitted by an experienced doctor or nurse.
This method is considered completely reversible, but it needs to be removed by a physician. It is long acting, lasting for 3-10 years at a time, but once removed, a woman’s fertility returns very quickly.
It is completely safe to use a copper IUD while breastfeeding. There is no danger of copper passing into the breast milk. The IUD or IUS is one of the safest methods of contraception, with about 98-99% success rate per year.
This method is not suitable for women who have had an ectopic pregnancy at any time in the past.
The IUD can be used as emergency contraception. In other words, if implanted within 5 days of unprotected sex, it will not all conception to take place. This is an expensive method and should only be used if it is intended for long-term protection.
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