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Selecting the Best Contraceptive For You After Childbirth

It takes every women a different amount of time to feel ready to get back in the saddle, as it were, after giving birth, in order to return into the activity that got it all started.

With all the worries that are naturally raised, like discomfort or even pain, and different sensations for him and her, there is no place for extra worries about contraception.

Because there is some confusion about how breastfeeding affects fertility, many women depend on their breastfeeding as a natural method of birth control. Full breastfeeding is a good albeit not perfect method of contraception under strict conditions. When breastfeeding becomes partial, effectiveness is reduced, and it needs to be backed up with another method.

The gold standard of safe contraception says that a good safety net is necessary from 21 days after birth. Most women won’t have interest in sex at this time (and possibly for months afterwards) but not a few women have managed to become pregnant in under one month of giving birth.

Choosing a Method
As before birth, your choice from a wide (but not wide enough) range of birth control systems depends on what you and your partner prefer, your medical history, any problems you had in your pregnancy and if you are breastfeeding.

Women with a family history of breast cancer, heart disease or stroke need to discuss with their physician the increased risk of disease from using hormones.

Breastfeeding on the one hand provides some natural contraception, but it is not complete and needs to be supplemented. On the other hand, care needs to be taken by women who choose to use some hormonal method when breastfeeding, because some forms of hormones will pass into the breast milk and therefore need to be avoided.

Condoms
The greatest benefit of condoms is that they don’t need to be planned for in advance. They can be used at any time and they’re always ready to go. More…

Progestin-Only Pill
Also known as the Mini-Pill, the Progestin-only pill is provided for breastfeeding women because it is not supposed to effect the flow of milk in the way that estrogen pills do. It is recommended for use during the first six months, starting from 3-6 weeks after birth. More… 

Combined Pill 
The combined pill contains Estrogen and Progestin, providing the safest form of contraception. Intended for women who are not breastfeeding, this methods can be considered from six weeks after the birth. More…

Contraceptive Implants
Implants are just one form of dispensing hormones (Progestin-only)in a slow, safe way through tubes placed under the skin. These can be used from three weeks after the birth and last for 3 years so the choice to use this system must be well thought out. More…

Contraceptive Patch
The contraceptive patch contains Progestin and Estrogen, in a slow distribution mechanism. It is not recommended for women who are breastfeeding, since the estrogen is likely to reduce the milk flow. More…

Contraceptive Injection
It is usually recommended that you wait until six weeks after the birth to start the contraceptive injection because you may get heavy and irregular bleeding, but it is possible to use this earlier if there are no other alternatives you find acceptable. More… 

Inter-Uterine Device (IUD)
An Inter-Uterine Device can be fitted anytime from 4 weeks after a vaginal or Caesarean birth. Both methods can be fitted within 48 hours of the birth, if fitted by an experienced doctor or nurse. More…

Diaphragm or Cervical Cap
The diaphragm or cervical cap can be used from 6 weeks after birth. They need to be fitted by a physician to be effective. It is vital that a woman who used on of these types of barriers before her pregnancy gets remeasured after the birth. More…

Natural Family Planning
Natural family planning is a terrific way of controlling fertility with minimal side effects of the various hormones and devices. It does not have always have the same safety record, but is highly accessible and can be used at any time. More…

Permanent Contraceptive Methods
Permanent contraception, or sterilization, can be performed on men as well as women. For men, vasectomy is practiced, and of course can be done at any time. For women there are veteran surgical methods of sterilization and a brand new method. More…

Emergency Contraception
Contraceptive slip-ups happen to everyone but the consequences can be so much more important for a post-natal woman. Emergency contraception (“the morning-after pill) is perfectly safe for use from 21 days after birth. More…

Breastfeeding as Contraception
Breastfeeding is considered a safe method of contraception for use during the 6-month period after birth (98% effective), but only when it is the sole method of feeding being used. More…


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